One-quarter of a standard bottle or 187.5 ml
Known as Quarter-Bottle or Piccolo (Italian for small), these tiny bottles are mainly used for single-serves of Champagne and other sparkling wines such as Prosecco. They’re popular in crowded places such as airplanes, stadiums, or nightclubs. Sometimes referred to as Split, Pony, or Snipe.
One-half of standard bottle or 375 ml
Known as Half-Bottle or Demi (French for half), they contain about two glasses of wine. An alternative to the by-the-glass wines at a restaurant. The French sometimes refer to it as a Fillette which translates as little girl.
It actually remains unknown precisely why today’s wine bottles contain 750 milliliters of liquid. One thing is sure, however: it has become the worldwide standard.
The Magnum wine bottle contains the equivalent of two 750 ml standard wine bottles, or 1.5 liters of liquid.
It is certainly the most popular of the large formats, and probably the only one whose name does not change depending on the region. Burgundy, Bordeaux, or Champagne all refer to the 1.5L-bottle as a Magnum.
DOUBLE MAGNUM BOTTLE
As the name suggests, a Double-Magnum is the equivalent of two Magnum bottles and contains 3 liters of liquid.
If you’ve read about the Magnum size above, you’ve already calculated that this is the equivalent of 4 standard 750ml wine bottles and fills about 20 wine glasses.
A Rehoboam is a large-format wine bottle size containing 4.5 liters of liquid.
This is enough to fill about 30 glasses of wine, and is equivalent to 6 standard 750ml bottles.
An Imperial or Matuselah is a large-format wine bottle size containing 6 liters of liquid.
This is enough to fill about 40 glasses of wine, and is equivalent to 8 standard 750ml bottles.
A Salmanazar is a large-format wine bottle size containing 9 liters of (generally-fine) beverage.
This is enough to fill about 60 glasses of wine, and is equivalent to 12 standard 750ml bottles.
There seems to be no limit to how big a wine bottle can be.
As huge as they may be, super-large wine bottle formats have generally been given a name, after a Biblical King or historical figure more often than not.
Super-sized bottle names include:
Balthazar, which contains 12 liters of wine or the equivalent of 16 standard 750ml bottles. It is named after one of the Three Wise Men who brought gifts at Jesus’ Nativity.
Nebuchadnezzar, named after a famous King of Babylon, contains 15 liters of wine or the equivalent of 20 standard 750ml bottles.
Melchior was another of the Three Wise Men bringing presents to Jesus. The large format named after him holds 18 liters of wine or the equivalent of 24 standard 750ml bottles.